Budo terminology

These are some of the japanese terms you may hear when training in iaido or jodo.

Some basics
Budo - 'way of martial arts' - from 'bu' meaning 'war' or 'martial', and 'do' meaning 'way' or 'path'.
Bujutsu - 'martial arts'.
Bushido - 'The way of the warrior' - the code of conduct for japanese warriors; from 'bushi' meaning 'samurai'.
Dojo - training hall - more literally 'the place of enlightenment'; the place where the ego self undergoes transformation into the egoless self.
Kamiza - alter, gods place.
Sensei - teacher.
Ryu - 'school' - sometimes used to mean 'style'.
Koryu - 'old school'.
Seitei - 'basic' or 'fundamental'.

Instructions from sensei
Kamiza Ni Rei - 'bow to kamiza'.
Otagai Ni Rei - 'bow to each other'.
Mokuso - meditation at the start of the class to 'clear one's mind' and to prepare for training.
Hajime - 'start' or 'begin'.
Yame - 'stop'.

Actions & movement
Ate - strike.
Batto - draw the sword.
Chiburi - blood removal from the blade of sword before noto.
Giri - cut.
Hakama-Sabaki - use of hand to move hakama (pleated trousers) away from behind the knees while going into the seiza position.
Kata - form, pattern, or structured practice.
Kamae, Gamae - 'posture'.
Kirioroshi - a downward sword cut.
Noto - re-sheathing of sword.
Nukitsuke - simultaneous drawing and cutting movement with sword.
Rei - bow.
Saya-Biki - 'scabbard movement' - twisting of saya during nukitsuke and other one-handed sword cuts and thrusts.
Seiza - formal kneeling position.
Tatehiza - 'standing knee' - a crouching position on one knee, supposedly very comfortable for samurai in full armour.
Waki-Gamae - 'side posture' - stance with sword blade held low and hidden from opponents view.
Tsuki - thrust.
Uchi - strike.

Weapons
Bokken - 'wooden sword'.
Daisho - 'large and small' - the wakizashi and katana worn together.
Daito - 'long' or 'great' sword.
Iaito, Mogito - 'mock' or imitation sword.
Katana - the classical two-handed sword of the samurai, with a curved, single edged blade.
Ken - sword.
Shinken - 'real' sword.
Tanto - 'short' sword.
Tachi - the predecessor to the katana - slightly longer, more curved, and worn hanging from the belt (edge down). More suited to use on horseback.
Yari - spear.
Wakizashi - 'side insertion' - the shorter one-handed sword worn with a katana.

Concepts
Bunkai - 'analysis' or 'disassembly' - the story behind each kata, or the application of fighting techniques extracted from the moves of a kata.
Kaso Teki - 'invisible opponent'.
Ken Shin Chi No - 'sword and mind as one'.
Kokyo - breath control.
Mushin - 'no-mindedness'
Fushin - 'frozen' or 'stopped mind'.
Fudoshin - 'immovable mind' - equanimity or imperturbability.
Zanshin - 'lingering' or 'remaining mind' - awareness without focus on any one thing.
Enzen No Metsuke - 'gazing at the far mountains'.
Saya No Uchi No Kachi - 'victory without drawing the sword' - from 'kachi' meaning 'victory', and 'uchi' meaning 'inside' (sword in the saya).
Seme - 'pressure' or 'pressing'.
Shinmyo Ken - 'sword of mystery', 'sword of divine mystery', or 'clear mind sword'.

See also:
[ The japanese names of sword parts ]

More comprehensive lists can be found on these other websites:
[ www.iaido.org.uk/glossary.htm ]
[ www.doshinkenyukai-kendo.org.uk/html/glossary.html ]


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"mind, body, spirt as one"